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Union Medical Records

Carded Medical Records - Volunteers
Carded Medical Records - Regular Army
Pension Files
Textual Medical Records - Volunteers & Regular Army
Navy Medical Records
Other Sources

National Archives Medical Records

Carded Military Records

Carded medical records are the most commonly requested Civil War medical records.  There are two different series; one for the volunteers and one for regular army.

Volunteers

For medical information about volunteer Civil War soldiers who fought in the Civil War, consult carded medical records found in Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's - 1917, entry 534. These cards relate to volunteers admitted to hospitals for treatment and may include information such as name; rank; organization; complaint; date of admission; hospital to which admitted; and date returned to duty, deserted, discharged, sent to general hospital, furloughed, or died. This series is arranged by state, then by the number of the regiment (cavalry, infantry, and artillery are filed together under the common regiment number) and then by initial letter of surname.

Regular Army

For medical information on Regular army soldiers, consult carded medical records found in RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's – 1917, entry 529 (for the years 1821-1885).  These cards relate to Regular Army personnel admitted to hospitals for treatment and may include information such as name, rank, organization, age, race, birthplace, date entered service, cause of admission, date of admission, hospital to which admitted, and disposition of the case. This series is arranged by the regiment number and then by initial letter of surname.

Pension Files

Be sure to check pension records. These files often contain a great deal of medical information on woundings and hospitalization, especially if the condition resulted in a permanent disability.

Textual Medical Records

There are many sources of medical related records in Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's – 1917, including casualty and death records, hospital records, and records of medical personnel.

Finding Aids - Record Group 94
There are finding aids available at the National Archives that may be helpful in your search of the medical records in RG94. These indexes must be requested in the consultant's office.

Index to Civil War Hospitals
Index to Army Corps Organization – Hospitals – Civil War Period
Index to Organizations by State with references to hospital records

Related medical records may be found in Record Group 112, Records of the Surgeon General’s Office, and Record Group 15 , Records of the Veterans Administration.

Navy Medical Records

For medical information on sailors, consult Record Group 52, Records of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery (Navy):

Medical Journals of Shore Stations, 1812 - 89; entry 21
Medical Journals of Ships, 1813 - 1910; entry 22
Reports of Diseases & Deaths, July 1828 - December 1846; entry 30
Certificates of Death, Disability, Pension & Medical Survey,entry 31
Registers of Patients, 1812 - 1929, entry 51

Note: Onsite researchers must request these records in the consultant’s office. The consultants can help you with your request, and may be able to suggest related records that will be helpful in your research.

Ordering Information

To order records from the National Archives, Click here.

For a list of independent researchers at the DC branch of the National Archives, Click here.

Other Sources

National Library of Medicine - Images from the History of Medicine
National Library of Medicine - Archives and Manuscripts
National Museum of Civil War Medicine
National Museum of Civil War Medicine - Medical Terms

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